Mexico’s National Agency of Industrial Safety and Protection of the Environment of the Hydrocarbons Sector has published a new CNG standard for the country that sets out the requirements for Compressed Natural Gas filling stations and much more. It is referred to as the Official Mexican Standard NOM-010-ASEA-2016 (Standard), Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). Read more »
In the United States, two entities are responsible for the development of standards pertaining to vehicles that use, and filling stations that dispense, natural gas fuel.
CSA Group, a not-for-profit standards organization, is responsible for vehicle and station standards for compressed and liquefied natural gas vehicles. (www.csagroup.org)
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) reported in January 2017 that based on data from selected dates between 2000 and 2016, two fuels stand out for their low price variability – Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and electricity.
The DOE states: “Retail prices for most transportation fuels have been highly volatile over the past 16 years. The prices are displayed in gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGE) which equate the energy content of any motor fuel to that of a gallon of gasoline. The prices are collected in gallons (except for CNG and electricity) and are converted to GGE. In this figure, the prices were also adjusted for inflation to 2016 dollars.” Read more »
On August 1, 2012, The National Petroleum Council (NPC) in approving its report, Advancing Technology for America’s Transportation Future, also approved the making available of certain materials used in the study process, including detailed, specific subject matter papers prepared or used by the study’s Task Groups and/or Subgroups. NPC has kindly agreed that one of those reports: Topic Paper #22 — Renewable Natural Gas for Transportation: An Overview of the Feedstock Capacity, Economics, and GHG Emission Reduction Benefits of RNG as a Low-Carbon Fuel — also be made available from the IANGV Knowledgebase website. Read more »
In the U.S.A., the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) has jurisdiction concerning vehicle safety It requires that all CNG fuel storage cylinders have a label that (1) states the date of manufacture and the date that the cylinder is required to be removed from service (typically 15-20 years), and (2) instructs the vehicle owner/operator to have a qualified visual inspection of the tank every 36,000 miles or every 3 years (whichever occurs first) and/or after an accident or fire. Converters and vehicle owners should have documentation that this safety inspection has been done. Inspections are performed to look for tank and bracket damage (e.g., gouges, cuts, abrasions, dents, corrosion, rust, general wear, etc.). Qualified cylinder inspectors are located throughout the US and Canada. The cost/time associated with a cylinder inspection is minimal.
Commencing 1st August 2012, the European Commission Intelligent Energy Initiative (IEE) implemented up a three-year Clean Fleets project, providing forms of assistance to vehicle procurers in Europe to meet obligations under EC Clean Vehicles Directive (CVD) , which has now been integrated into national law in all EU Member States. The directive — 2009/33/EC — presently supports three main alternative types of fuels and propulsion technologies which are being developed within the time horizon of 2020. Natural gas and biomethane fuels are included. The Clean Fleets project is set to conclude in September 2015. Read more »
The U.S. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Agency, part of the federal Department of Energy, has introduced a Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool to help vehicle fleet operators reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Owners and Operators can create a comprehensive plan for their fleet by using several savings methods. The tool caters for multiple vehicle types.
Available here: afdc.energy.gov/prep/
In the December 2012 issue of Energy World (published by Energy Institute), John Baldwin, MD of CNG Services in the United Kingdom, expressed his thoughts about the future of natural gas in the UK, from which the following has been largely drawn.
Gas demand in the UK has been primarily met by indigenous gas production from the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS) but, in recent years, UKCS production has been declining and imports have been rising to meet demand. The demand for gas energy is likely to increase as other solutions will not have sufficient generation capacity. “Therefore, electricity will be generated by a small amount of nuclear, perhaps some coal with carbon capture and storage (CCS) and wind energy, with gas as the predominant supply.” Baldwin says gas alone has the capacity to meet demand on a windless day.
Biogas from anaerobic digestion makes a contribution but is limited in supply to around 10% of domestic customer gas demand.
In the face of transport-generated greenhouse gas emissions (20% of total UK emissions), the government supports the introduction of electric vehicles (EVs), but the shortfall in renewable energy generation means “it is likely that EVs will be adding to carbon dioxide emissions compared to petrol hybrid or low emission diesel cars.” Read more »
The Baltic Biogas project commenced in 2009 and ended 2012. The outcomes and recommendations of the project about how to start using biogas as transport fuel are recorded on the project website at balticbiogasbus.eu/web/. Lennart Hallgren, Project Manager, concludes that biogas buses are the best choice for urban public transport to lower emissions of green house gases and improve inner city air quality while creating energy autonomy and more sustainable jobs. Biogas will also significantly contribute to reaching the EU 2020 targets. Read more »
Pan American Energy, an oil and natural gas exploration and production company with activities in Argentina, Bolivia and Chile, announced its intention to spend USD 3.4 billion on natural gas exploration and output in Argentina from 2013-2017. According to an Associated Press statement, Argentina is trying to combat an energy deficit that has forced it to import billions of dollars’ worth of fuels each year.
The company says the agreement is similar to one recently reached between the government and YPF (Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales), which is Argentina’s state-run energy company.